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Puppy education


Congratulations!

Your puppy will arrive in his new home.

He will be facing a new environment, new sounds, objects and people.

He will also be separated from his mother that is a source of comfort and learning.

We'll give you some necessary advices for the first steps of the puppy and some answers to key questions you will ask yourself at the arrival of your new companion.

The role of the mother:

  • She nourishes her litter,

  • She reassures, comforts and warms,

  • She teaches behaviours

  • She protects against the outside world still unknown.

 

For dogs, calming pheromone is produced by the sebaceous glands of the mother during lactation. Pheromone has an effect of welfare on the puppies. This effect of well-being is enhanced because it is associated with: heat, food and comfort.

Pheromone increases the link between mother and pups, creates a positive emotional state. It makes the pups more confident, able to explore their environment and feel comfortable in its environment.

That is why it is very important that puppies are not removed from their mother before eight weeks after birth.

1.         Prepare your home for the arrival of your puppy

For this you can place a pheromone diffuser 3 or 4 days before the arrival of the puppy, in order for his new house to be imbued.

Prepare the arrival of your puppy:

  • The Food:

The best is to continue feeding the puppy with the food he had during his withdrawal. But if you want to change, that change must be smooth. Gradually mix the new food to those previously received by the puppy to reach 100% of new food after ten days.

  • The Bowls:

You need one for food and one for water, unbreakable and adapted to the size of the puppy.

  • The Bed:

It is recommended for the puppy to sleep and eat in a carrying case adapted to its adult size.

And so, he will be secured by having a place "for him" to sleep safely.

Meals taken in this case will indicate that it is "His" place and that this is not a punishment. As the puppy doesn’t like soiling his bed, the toilet training would be facilitated.

Do not put his sleeping place on a passage between two doors or windows..... But, for example, put it in a corner of a room.

  • Toys:

They are essential in the life of the dog; the game is a mean of communication. Avoid pulling games that could damage the teeth and jaws of the puppy still fragile. It is not desirable to propose games with tennis balls, rope..... In fear that ingests them while playing.

  • Collars and leash:

For the puppy, the collar must be thin and light so that it is the least restrictive. The leash should be short, preferably in an urban environment to facilitate learning of the street. For recall and walks in the countryside and forests a long rope is more suitable.

2.         The first trip to his new home

Probably, his first road trip will be when he goes to his new home. This trip can be associated with apprehension:

  • A new environment, the car

  • Start time of separation with his mother,

  • Nausea associated with motion sickness.

 

The first trips are very important times, because many dogs may begin to hate the car if they do not go well.

3.         Travel by car

Train your puppy to the car. Slide it regularly for short trips. During long trips, stop often too late to give him to drink, walk it, play with him without making him forget to do his business.

4.         The first night in your home

The first few nights can be difficult; the puppy will be a lot of apprehension because he was accustomed to the constant companionship of the extent and his mother and the environment in which it was born. Let the puppy alone most of the time it generates wailing and barking. DO let the puppy cry, because the Jack Russell Terrier is a very intelligent dog, and if you let yourself be moved by his tears he realizes what he must do to make you change your mind. It is easier to establish a rule from the outset that to change later. If the Jack Russell puppy who sleeps in the bed of his masters, his last with the hierarchy is not defined and you may develop behaviour problems show aggression. Instead of sleeping in the dog is very important. In adulthood, this site will be an element that determines its hierarchical position in the family.

Ideally:

  • To install the basket of your puppy in a fixed location that is his sleeping place: out of your room or the children. Because a puppy is even a Jack Russell should not be equated to that place children.

  • The day to accustom gradually to periods of solitude in a room in the house. For example, let alone 10 minutes, then return NO interest by marking him hugs or comforting words. For the puppy that indicates that he was right to worry and then you reinforce their fears. A PUPPY not functions as a human.

 

5.         First moments at home alone

When you leave:

  • Ask your puppy to get into the basket,

  • 5 to 10 minutes before, do not pet him, do not talk to him,

  • Leave without worry of him in order to not create a great contrast between absence and presence.

Such attitudes give to the puppy a feeling that the departure is something normal and not scary.

When you return:

  • Tell him "hello" brief but not excessive agitation,

  • If he made not agreed things, don’t punish him, he would not understand.

6.         What is socialization?

Socialization is to put your Jack Russell in the presence of a wide variety of situations during pleasant moments or contacts with a wide range of stimuli:

  • Human (adults and children)

  • Dogs (puppies and adults)

  • Other animals (cats, etc ... ..)

  • Different situations and environments ...

The socialization of your Jack Russell must be done during the first months after his arrival at home.

A proper socialization will foster successful relationships between your puppy, all people and other animals in your environment.

Your Jack Russell Terrier will be able to comply to all situations, you can take him anywhere without worry.

7.         First release

Your puppy will be exposed to new sounds, new smells and new places.

  • You need to gradually bring him in locations increasingly noisy

  • If he is afraid, don’t reassure him; don’t take him in your arms. All pets and attention will strengthen him in fear.

8.         Visitors in your home

Your Jack Russell must be accustomed to many different visitors; he will learn to react appropriately to the arrival of foreigners.

  • The entry of persons into the territory of the puppy is both exciting and frightening.

  • Making contact with a game is the simpler.

  • Make sure that visitors do not have abrupt gestures, in particular children; the risk is that your puppy will develop a kind of "decency" aggression against them.

It is also recommended during his training that the puppy accompany you visiting friends.

9.         Encounters between your dog and children

  • Oversee the encounter between the puppy and children.

  • Let your dog approach the child voluntarily, do not force him if he’s not confident.

  • Stop the encounter, if the puppy is scared and bring him in another place.

  • Children must be calm, screaming can scare him

  • Children must do respect the puppy's sleeping place.

  • Do not let the puppy doing anything to your child: overlap, pinching or jumping on children.

  • Do not let children doing anything to the puppy: pull the tail, ears, and whiskers. ... Etc.

10.    Your puppy and other animals

Let your puppy get used to your house before meeting other pets.

  • Between Dogs:

A hierarchy between adult dogs will be naturally established; human should not intervene to change this order, under penalty of seeing this hierarchy increasing with at least grunts.

  • With Cats:

The mode of communication of the puppy is much more tactile than the cat, he will react (slaps, growls ... ..)

You must let the cat "educate" the puppy; relationship will be settled without human intervention.

If you want you can present other pets to your Jack Russell. But you must remind he is an adult and a hunting dog. So it is not advisable to put him in the presence of rabbits, hamsters. Etc... otherwise they do not "bite".

11.    Toilet training

Start as soon as you arrive at home by going outside on a regular basis. Learning can take three days or three months. Everything will depend on how you manage learning cleanliness. It is recommended to place your puppy during half an hour in his transport crate, and then get out of there so he can do his business outside of the house. Then, increase gradually his isolation duration during the day to beef up his bladder. The puppy will not want to sully his bed and so he will learn quickly cleanliness. Don’t use old newspapers; this traditional method will only delay learning.

You must get out:

  • After eating,

  • After playing,

  • After any time excitation

  • After having slept

  • Every two hours if possible and give him the same place where he must do his business if you wish.

Outside

  • Stay with the dog, make him walk and let him sniff.

  • When the puppy begins to sniff around, stop and wait until the puppy is doing business. He shall not sniff the droppings of other dogs that may be sources of contagion.

In

  • Remove him immediately if he starts to turn around, crouch or groan.

  • Reward your Jack by pets

  • If you do not have an outside please do not leave your puppy in a place frequented by other dogs until he get all vaccinations completed.

In case of cleanliness accident

  • In your presence, punish firmly the puppy with a "no". Then quickly bring the puppy outside.

  • In your absence: do not punish the puppy, clean out of his presence with not bleached products. The ideal is to clean and then rub the surface with white vinegar, which will remove all traces of urine detectable by the puppy.

12.    Learning to "walk with leash" should be done very soon

Use a short leash; don’t use retractable leashes.

The first lessons should be short and held without authority excess.

As soon as the puppy pulls, bring him to you with a brief rap or stop immediately (the puppy understand that the walk can continue only without pulling).

When he obeys, reward him, petting, feeding and / or with voice, stressing the words as in virtual hugs.

Once the puppy seems to have understood the "walking on a leash", space reward time.

13.    Learn the recall

Recall as clean can be learned as soon as he arrives at home.

  • Put yourself in a quiet place where the puppy will not be solicited and distracted.

  • Squat down and tap you on your knees, for example, call your puppy by encouraging him when he approaches.

When the puppy comes into contact, reward him warmly with pets.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a very intelligent dog, making his education as difficult as easy. An "authorization" one day will be “forever”, for your puppy "Jack."

To be happy, Jack Russell needs attention everyday. If he lives in a large space with only boredom as friend, he will be unfortunate. He needs his master and presence. The Jack Russell is a wonderful dog, alert, bold, faithful to his master, affectionate and very loving.

 

We wish you many magical moments with your new 4-legged companion!

 

Florence and Philippe Sauzée

Of Malan's Rock breeding